Biting into ‘Santa Rosa’ plums reveals a thin skin that covers plump, juicy flesh. Your fingers should leave a slight indentation if the fruit is ripe. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. These sweet plums have light orangey-amber flesh that covers a small pit. Quince. The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. Compared to other dark-skinned plums, the ‘Black amber’ has firm flesh and distinct tartness to the taste. The Best Plum Tree. ‘Black Splendor’ plums live up to their name—they have a fantastic sweet taste. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. The plum trees can grow as small garden shrubs or small decorative fruit trees. Since most species and varieties of yellow plums contain a relatively high amount of naturally occurring sugar, they are great for people with an active lifestyle. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. Several types of wild plum resemble the Asian plum, but are better options for the coldest climates. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. The firm flesh and tart skin holds up well in cooking and baking. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. Growing conditions for plum tomatoes are similar to other tomato varieties, but germination for some heirloom varieties may be more difficult. Myrobalan plums are small round fruits that look like red or yellow cherries. Stay away from plums that are small, hard, and have weird spots on them. ‘Black Beauty’ is another type of Japanese plum that has bright yellow flesh and dark, deep purple-red skin. Search AC Nursery. The European plum (P. domestica) and the They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. This sweet and sour taste combination makes damson plums excellent for using in savory or sweet dishes to add a bit of tartness. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. The most commom variety of plum used for making prunes is the European plum. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. Maturity Chart. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. Not all varieties of plums can be used for making prunes. Damsons are a popular dark-skinned European variety of plum that has tart-flavored flesh and skin. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. Plum, any of various trees or shrubs in the genus Prunus (family Rosaceae) and their edible fruits. In … Depending on the greengage plum cultivar, the green skin can have hints of red blushing or yellow on it. The ‘French Prune’ is a type of fresh plum that is perfect for drying to make prunes. Plum tomatoes hold their shape well when canned, and are easier to slice because of their high ratio of flesh to pulp. Learn how to grow and care for them and discover 6 common varieties. Plum Pictures - Award-winning producers of factual television. Trees Needing Cross-Pollination. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. They are firm and crisp which is why they are commonly used in making mint salsa. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. - Thomas Jefferson , (1743-1826) PRUNES: Early Laxton The common name blood plum refers to the deep red color of the skin and flesh. While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. Feb 18, 2014 - Explore Ashleigh Fondren's board "Plum tree" on Pinterest. These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. The flesh is so soft and juicy that some say it’s almost like drinking juice. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. Shiro ripens 7 -10 days later and is firmer than Gold plum. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. Similar to peaches and cherries, plums are a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and various antioxidants. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! Victoria plums are red in color, greengage plums are green in color and Mirabella plums are yellow in color and damson plums are black in color. Varieties of Flowering Plum Trees. They are usually sold fresh and plump, having a pleasantly sweet flavor. The Japanese plum yew is a deer-resistant small tree belonging to the plum-yew family. ‘Black Beauty’ plums have an excellent balance of sweetness with only hints of tartness. (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. Japanese plums varieties can be self-fruitful, with a single tree bearing fruit, while others require cross-pollination by another Japanese plum variety. The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. They bloom earlier than European plums… With a crisp and firm texture, these fruits are juicy and provide maximum quality of plumpness to the consumer. Among them are the Friar, the Black Beauty and the Black Splendor. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. On the other hand, others like to think that the Duke of Anjou upon his return from Jerusalem brought along plums to Europe around 1198 to 1204 A.D. Whatever may be the truth, one common consensus remains that wild plums were planted and raised throughout the Old and New Worlds. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). "Friar" "Friar" is a black plum with light amber flesh. Red to burgundy flesh these plums are exectionaly sweet and very healthy. All varieties listed below are self-fertile & don't require pollination from other trees. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. These two fruit trees were first cross-bred to create cherry plum fruit trees in the late 1800s. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Plum trees are one of the easiest varieties of fruit tree to grow in the home garden. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. Watermelon plum. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The resulting fruit is larger than a cherry but smaller than a plum, approximately 1 ¼ inch (3 cm.) Moyer plums tend to ripen late in the season. Dwarf plum trees are ideal for small-space fruit gardeners who want to experience the pleasure of harvesting home-grown plums. (Harvest dates are approximate … Here is some general information on the plum tree. A plum or gage is a stone fruit tree in the genus Prunus, subgenus Prunus. To know if this plum variety is ripe for eating, gently squeeze the fruit. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. with white or pink flowers bring beauty and color to yards and landscapes. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. Due to their impeccable sweet taste, Mayor Plums are often labeled as “sugar plums”. You can also pair them up with savory food items like cheese such as ricotta and chevre, herbs including chili, basil, and arugula, bacon, seafood, and lamb. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. The maroon skins on this plum variety tend to be firm and tough with a sour flavor. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Plums are a type of stone fruit that can have oval or round shape. Browse 334 japanese plum tree stock photos and images available, or search for plum flower or cherry blossom to find more great stock photos and pictures. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. These utterly syrupy plums are famous for their use in a variety of jams, baked goodies, jellies, and fruit brandy (eau de vie). There are many varieties of plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Otherwise, the fruit may lose its original flavor and may not taste as vigorous as it ought to. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. ‘Friar’ plums are popular large Japanese plums with sweet, juicy flesh. These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. Some, like the Santa Rosa, have amber flesh, while others, like Simcas, have bright red flesh that matches the skins. Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. Description A small tree with oblong-lance shaped leaves, smooth, red brown to black bark, the Flatwoods plum tree has masses of showy white flowers in early spring. The mention of plums can be found in ancient documents that date back to 479 B.C and were also domesticated by Chinese around the same time period. Find the perfect plum varieties stock photo. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. Apart from growing small cherry-like plums, these plum trees are popular backyard ornamental types of fruit trees. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh color rather than by name. Plum Varieties Credit: Photo: Anna Williams. OTHER VARIETIES. When fully ripe, the yellow plum can be eaten raw, providing a high amount of carbohydrates to boost energy levels. The fruit is sweetest when it's allowed to ripen on the tree. Early Italian Prune Plums. Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. There is hardly any tartness in the taste, and many say that the sweet taste is reminiscent of cherry-flavored fruit punch. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises. Most Japanese plums begin to bloom and mature earlier than any other type of plums. Scientific name: Prunus umbellata Synonyms: Hog plum Size: 12 to 20 feet height. Most Japanese black plums are clingstone varieties. Our varieties of plum trees are cold hardy and therefore suitable for growing in northern Canada. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. 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