That's what a rifle is for. Do they fail the 4 layers of fabric test? In any case, the safe function of the gun should be tested on the shooting range before it is used in the shooting range.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'mysqltuner_com-portrait-1','ezslot_25',144,'0','0'])); The “hottest” cartridge is of little use if the gun jams after the first shot. The other two are too new to say they're superior. The smallest standard 9mm Parabellum/9mm Luger/9x19mm NATO (all the same thing) bullet weight is 115 grains, not 80 grains. The precision from the short Glock 26 was sufficient with 39 millimetres at ten metres, and it was noticeable that the Gold Dot produced very little muzzle flash. they too, will one day have a reckoning when they least expect it. Its a TEST do it all, and let us know which 9mm ball will cycle the most guns. Otherwise, it is just a scaled-up .380. Jesus, FMJ don't EXPANED. IMO Hornady is overrated, overpriced and over-marketed to gun owners who otherwise don’t know any better. Johnny’s Impact load boasts of a 115-grain 9mm projectile with velocities of up to 1,600 fps from a 4.25-inch barrel. The Federal cartridge is a +P laboratory and reaches 381 m/s from the barrel of the Glock.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'mysqltuner_com-sky-4','ezslot_31',143,'0','0'])); This makes it the fastest cartridge of the 124 Grains Laboratories and the most energy-rich cartridge in the test. Why nothing about Honey Badger ammo from Black Hills Ammo? Seriously? Speer Gold Dot 9mm 124gr. Regarding Federal HST 9mm 147 gr. They wasted a lot of time and paper, and hurt real discussion of facts in terminal ballistics. The recoil is violent from the light Glock. We’ve built dozens of AR’s and we’ll cover all the best AR-15 upgrades such as handguards, triggers, BCGs, gas blocks, and more. p.s. So with grain weight, 9mm is generally 115 grains, but concealed carry ammo can be purchased as light as 90 grains and as heavy as 165 grains. The Sig V Crown and ball ammo run perfectly through all my handguns an pcc's. I agree with this statement. 9mm Bullets The HP pistol was built to fire the 125 gr bullet as stated and probably handles that weight as well as any. Hello, what the best IWB Holster for the Springfield Xde 9mm? Pew Pew and carry on. Thank you. Ten laboratories were selected for the test and extensively tested. Similarly, I'd like to know the power factors of the ammo as this matters in competition (USPSA, etc.). What stops an attacker is shot placement, pure and simple. The win rangers are good.The cor-bon all copper rounds come the closets to the HST le tac.Alot of people DO NOT buy the right Hst's.They buy the PERSONAL DEFENSE rd's not the same! No matter what I did, or how I tried, it wouldn't let me get near it as it became fierce enough to put the fear of God in me. As I tried to scoop it up, it again reminded me that it wouldn't be trifled with. The .45 ACP was designed to "STOP"... not kill... the Moro, Muslims we were fighting in the Philippine-American War, because of the .38 Long Colt's failure to do so. I’m interested in stopping the threat immediately. It’s also a explanation why the Blazer Brass ammunition isn’t intended for law enforcement use. Although Syntech loads in competition have consistent knockdowns on steel targets, they also minimize splash back on steel targets, accompanied by a notable reduction in perceived recoil over normal FMJ loads. of Power Pistol powder, was the most accurate load in all my 9MM pistols (SIG, Glock, Walther, CZ, Ruger). We're all bad-asses until were not. That few MS longer curve spreads the energy going into the shooter over a slightly longer period of time. I do not feel under gunned or underpowered with either. Although there are several downsides about this CCI Blazer Brass, low-cost ammunition, it’s very suitable for target shooting or just plinking about at the range, as well as for reloaders. Generally speaking, energy isn't as important when you're looking at rounds within the same caliber when they are at similar weights. Copyright © 2021 Pew Pew Media, Inc. All rights reserved. The brass itself is a bit finicky and might need extra steps such as deburring, annealing, etc. The reason you don't see tests like that is because of the difficulty of testing felt recoil. Velocity at Muzzle: 1160 fps But now the CEPP Extra is also permitted, which ensures an even faster energy release. This gives a less "snappy" recoil feel to the gun. I would like to see a test rating control vs stopping power. The 9mm cartridge is remarkably efficient and makes the best use of its powder charge in short barrels, and if you peruse the charts over at Ballistics By The Inch you’ll find that the standard-pressure 9mm loads don’t gain much in the 16-inch-long barrel of the typical carbine. Israelis know a thing or two about self defense shooting, and I buy IMI’s! The 147 grain is way too slow, usually under-loaded so they don’t always even function the pistol reliably, least kinetic energy, least likely to expand, and then not much, and most likely to over-penetrate There seems to be a threshold somewhere between 1200 and 1300 f/s where cavitation (splash cavity, temporary cavity) starts to contribute to the size of the permanent wound cavity—tissue is liquefied and splashed sideways fast enough to crush and tear the surrounding tissue, and you get a wound larger than the expanded bullet. That is why now that I'm retired I carry Double Tap 124 grain 9mm +P bonded in my EDC. 9mm compared to .40s&w and .357sig always fail to expaned. I run S&B 124gr through my CZ SP01 & P01. As the steel-cased ammunition is much cheaper than the equivalent brass-case bullets, it is recommended that it be used for testing and preparation. Imagine if we could bring some of the Old West gun fighters and they saw all the nonsense over caliber, they'd probably take out their single action pistol and Pimp Slap you to death with it at tell you to quit your crying . Hey, that was one of my very first guns also! I put 100 rounds through it at 10 yards and was pleasantly surprised at the the accuracy of the groups and mild recoil, but wow what a powerful firearm. That is incredibly low. And what works best in 9mm seems to be: If it is pistol ammo, it is nickel coated brass. You wrap the pork ribs in a piece of sweater or sweat shirt & a piece of denim. Eighteen inches is clear through the average bad guy’s shoulder and chest sideways-or through the average male chest cavity (10”) from the front, and six or eight inches into the innocent beyond. grain is a unit of weight, and it refers to the weight of the bullet (just the bullet, not the powder or casing, etc.) When I'm putting one in the chamber it's popping out like its too small. Loads of lighter bullets can have a marginally less perceived recoil and higher velocities than heavier bullets, but the variations are marginal because the projectile weights are almost identical. As we learn, a somewhat tapered case includes 9×19 mm and would be less susceptible to tougher extraction. Furthermore, the heavy steel shell casing, which is tougher than brass, produces more wear and tear on the firearm and there might be further corrosion difficulties but only in straight-walled situations. You do not pay anything extra and your Everyone aiming for the best standard of efficiency for self-defense 9 mm weapons would be using widening and fragmenting weapons such as hollow-point bullets, without doubt. CorBon’s 100-grain Pow’RBall, Speer’s 115-grain Gold Dot JHP, Winchester’s Personal Defense 115-grain JHP, Federal’s Classic 115-grain JHP and Remington’s 115-grain JHP all produced 25-meter accuracy of around 2 inches which, though not quite as good as the four best performers mentioned above, is still excellent. One of them knew just enough stats to be dangerous. Hornady ‘s Critical Defense Munition is identical to a conventional hollow point jacket (JHP) projectile except with an additional rubber tip within the hollow spot.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'mysqltuner_com-leader-2','ezslot_16',130,'0','0'])); Designated as the eXpanding Flex Tip (FTX) projectile, this load offers flat trajectories and improves feed as well as output. I am going to equally enjoy this along with my modest collection of 9mm. Wait for it - as soon as the infatuation with "new bullet advancements" smacks up against reality, we'll see agencies once again picking up .40 S&W and .357 Sig and the 9mm will be relegated to its place at the lower end of the "mid-calibers.". I still enjoy the 40 but as I get older the shootability of the 9mm has its merits. Remington’s “fish lips” JHP, Sierra’s, Nosler’s, and whatever Cor-Bon is using these days all work well. The rest is pretty much on point. And I have seen victims hit in a sensitive area drop with a .22. This should be kept in mind by everyone who carries this caliber on searches. I haven't used that ammo before because I flatly disagree with pistol ammo that tries to deliver damage through hydro-shock. The bullet had a diameter of 14.5 millimetres and a perfect mushroom shape.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'mysqltuner_com-sky-1','ezslot_28',138,'0','0'])); It was a good cartridge, which only needed to be a little more deep. Anyone try the liberty civil defense ammo? The way they make the round is amazing all from one Copper Strand. I also own a kel-technical sub 2000 with glock 9mm reliever. Get Our Top Shooting Drills and Zeroing Targets ($47 value - but FREE for a limited time). The muzzle flash is just as bright as the 115 Grains bullet, the recoil is a bit stronger. 5.B) Corbon 125gr JHP + P. Or just watch Paul Harrell videos on Youtube where he shoots the meat target. Did you try any frangibles? I call this my "defensive cocktail" loads, so if one does not stop the agressor, another different loading will if I do my job and put the rounds in the right place! Thanks. The precision was excellent with 21 millimetres. That's pure imagination. Drag varies with the ballistic coefficient of the bullet as this is determined by the shape of the bullet. Using the first 3 ammo types listed in the table, Federal HST 124gr, Federal HST 147gr, and American Eagle 115gr - the energy difference between the highest and lowest is only 38 or 51 Joules. My clock sf21 is my nightstand gun. I agonized over putting another round through it, but couldn't get my emotions around having to pull the trigger a second time on a furry critter that I loved. HST 124, 124 SIG V-CROWN, CRITICAL DEFENSE(you get 5 extra rounds), 124 Standard Pressure Gold Dots, and Gorilla Ammo Inc. makes some gangster wickedly awesome stuff in both 115 and 135. Velocity is practically irrelevant until you get over 1500fps (preferably 2k). For the range, I love firing the Federal Syntech 9mm. Usually, lighter bullets will have higher … A form of projectile meant for expansion is typically a JHP, because the hole in the uncovered bullet can facilitate expansion until the bullet reaches the target, providing a wider area for wounding. The CEPP responds quickly, but also loses mass. It's a really great range choice! It is a shame to see people wasting their time on junk "science". The 10mm is "superior" to the .40 S&W... and the .50 caliber is "better" than that... but, a rifle caliber pistol is even better... so, carry a 5.56 X 45... no, make that a 7.62 X 51 FAL pistol... where does the "size is better" argument get stupid? Cheers. For reloaders, the brass cases are pretty good news and even if you happen to be firing at certain ranges that don’t require you to pick up your brass casings. Especially at the bullet tip, the jacket has been made just thick enough to prevent deformation during feeding inside the pistol. The famous and revered American ammo manufacturer is recognized for its creativity in architecture and quality in production. The bullet weight of 124 Grains seems to be optimal. I agree it won't be long before cops go back to .40s&w. I have also signed up for practice at a local gun range. The bone was punctured, but shortly after that the 19.0 millimetre diameter bullet residue got stuck. But you should try to bring some current science into your thinking, and be willing to move forward. Hi Eric, really like all your gear reviews! However, the depth effect is quite high because the relatively small diameter of the bullet is slowed down much less than when a large-area fungus is formed. Shot placement with handguns trumps all. It was perfectly sufficient to penetrate the bone, but then ten centimetres further on was the end. Reduced recoil in small guns is especially good and getting off a second shot is much easier. A number of criminal histories and critical testing have demonstrated that complete metal jacket ammunition manages tremendous overpenetration and limited expansion, rendering this form less desirable for self protection. He’s a complete moron. I've found that the 124 grain works best in all of My 9 MM pistols regardless of barrel length or Gun Brand. And yes, I am now studying up on "better" 9mm ammo. Cats, dogs and other animals really suffer from that. I think 2 or 3 hits with this light load would do more to discourage an attacker than all the sound an fury of bullets whizzing past his ears. Agencies changes 'cause it's cheaper and slightly easier to shoot. You usually have the following types of bullets on the market: lead unjacketed bullets, FMJ or full-metal-jacket bullets, and finally, the JHP or hollow-point bullets. THX. Sellier&Bellot loads a classic hollow point bullet with additional jacket notches in the bullet tip area. God Bless. If you want to know what works, get Evan Marshall’s latest stopping power book, or better, all three. Any .40 cartridge, cheap or not, will always out perform any and all 9mm. Hell, I could have done that with a rock! There's other rounds with 9mm projectiles, but chances are if you see a bare's the one we listed above. I learned shooting hot 45 rounds through a dog. Could you explain in more detail your intended meaning behind this statement in the ammo article? Am I doing something or got the wrong ones? This Remington 9 mm Luger ammunition is filled with non-magnetic, 115gr metal case (MC) projectiles, the word for a regular, lead frame, full metal jacket projectile by Remington. I personally like loads at higher velocities Corbon, Double Tap have always performed very well for me. The light 115 Grains bullets clearly have too little depth effect for heavy game. But generally yes, Sig's ammo performs above average in most calibers, and very well in some. Compared to the other 147 grains laboratory in the test, the Gold Dot, the SXT is clearly superior. In my H&K I carry 135 grain in 40 S&W from Corbon. Many police forces worldwide also carry weapons in this caliber. Both provide deep penetration because they are lighter than a typical 9 mm bullet, while these projectiles create a permanent wound cavity diameter that far exceeds the wound channels made by most expanding bullets. Also our next recommendation comes from one of the famous US ammunition makers and is sold as the “USA White Box” collection of Winchester. The usual bullet weights for 9mm Luger range from 115 to 147 grains. I am also a storm chaser for the state, as well. Unlike Critical Duty Ammunition, the Critical Defense configuration was not meant to follow the complete FBI protocol; rather, it was built for protective conditions where there was no intermediate limit. Learn more at, Best 9mm Ammo [2020]: Self Defense & Range Shooting. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Our goal is to guide you through the complex gun & outdoor activities market and find the right trigger, grip, or scope for you. I may earn a small part of the sale from links to any products or services on this site. My thought now was that I was going to have to watch it die a slow, agonizing death, or I could put it out of its misery. American Eagle – Syntech 9mm Luger 150gr Total Synthetic Jacket Action Pistol Ammo, Winchester – USA White Box Ammo 9mm Luger 115gr FMJ, Hornady – Critical Defense Ammo 9mm Luger 115gr FTX, Best 9mm Ammo: American Eagle – Syntech 9mm Luger 150gr Total Synthetic Jacket Action Pistol Ammo, 2nd Best 9mm Ammo: Remington – UMC Ammo 9mm Luger 115gr FMJ, 3rd Best 9mm Ammo: Winchester – USA White Box Ammo 9mm Luger 115gr FMJ, 4th Best 9mm Ammo: Hornady – Critical Defense Ammo 9mm Luger 115gr FTX, 5th Best 9mm Ammo: CCI – Blazer Ammo 9mm Luger 115gr FMJ, 8 Best Holsters for Fat Guys (Bigger Guys) (2020), Legal Disclaimer and Affiliate Disclaimer, Full metal jacket for great shooting line. It causes needless suffering. After the revolver cartridges .38 Special and .357 Magnum in the September and October editions, the widely used pistol ammunition in the 9mm Luger caliber is now under scrutiny. Although the military full metal jacket ammunition has a high penetrating power, it has little stopping effect. These days the 9 mm caliber has something of a renaissance because people are more interested than ever in concealed carrying purpose-built compact pistols designed for constant wear and reactive use. I just picked up a case of 1k rounds for like $185. I'm sorry you had to go through that, I actually had to deal with almost the same situation a few weeks ago minus the storm. But sorry, John, O., you clearly are the one who doesn't know what your are spouting off at such length about. Did I make the wrong choices? In that order. However, the CEPP Extra cannot keep up with modern deformation bullets, which hardly lose any mass. Hello Eric, using the Federal HST 147 gr. Almost all good self-defense ammo is JHP while there's some unjacketed lead hollow points in revolver calibers (such as .38 Special). I would not trust my life to … V crown. I find .380 in most blowback snappier than 9mm in most subcompact locked breach firearms. The Star Fire bullet from PMC has five ribs and floods pressed into the lead of the hollow point, which are intended to ensure that the bullet mushrooms up to twice the bullet diameter. Reload as in reloading the spent brass yourself and making more ammo from it. The bullet’s design and its velocity at impact are far more important than caliber—a good 9mm+P hollowpoint works far better than .45 ACP hardball, and the right bullet in 9mm works better than the wrong bullet 100-200 f/s faster in .357. 4) Federal Premium 124gr Hydra Shock + P Used by military, normal people, and security services.This guide will clear all your doubts or any question about using the best 9mm ammo.. Your “Defensive Coctail” is amateurish and makes you look like a clown. There’s a reason Federal Premium HST 124 and 147 gr loads are consistently rated 1-2. 9mm is junk. Just personal preference, based on my experience. I also use the Lucky Gunner tests as a primary criterion in making the decisions. A very good catching shot cartridge for heavy hoofed game, which responds reliably even with soft hits and light game. Prior to this I carried the Winchester Ranger T. Ammo Quest on You-Tube did a great 9mm comparison and the Ranger T outperformed the Speer, Federal HST, and all the Critical Defense/Critical Duty line. Take a beginner class BEFORE you buy. Thanks for the reply Eric. I'm a diehard .40 S&W guy, but not for the ridiculous "energy transfer", "hydrostatic shock", and "knockdown power" myths you are espousing. The performance of any gun is only as good as the ammunition you put into it. It’s what makes a 7mm rifle round so much more devastating than a 9x19 from a handgun. The bullet structure with a light hollow point, thin jacket and soft lead filling shows that a bullet has been constructed here whose main task is a good energy release in the target by deformation.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'mysqltuner_com-netboard-2','ezslot_24',136,'0','0'])); The CEPP Extra also has predetermined breaking points in the front part of the bullet, which are intended to accelerate this process. HST in just about all grain ct. Are top performance. Any standard 9mm Luger, 9mm Parabellum, or 9x19mm NATO will work from your M&P 9. Hornady delivers much the same performance with their Critical Duty load, a 135-grain bullet that is +P and stout to shoot, for a 9mm. muzzle capacity, CCI Blazer Brass 9 mm Luger is a perfect ammunition for gaming, target shooting and fitness drills because it blends cost-effective packaging with quality CCI primers and safe shot FMJ covered foundation bullets. Well, it finally happened. Dead is dead. The high Vo is achieved by 5.0 grains of leaf powder, which also produce a clearly visible, bright muzzle flash.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'mysqltuner_com-portrait-2','ezslot_26',142,'0','0'])); With the 115 Grains cartridge, the High Power again showed the typical disturbances that also occurred with the 115 Grains Gold Dot from Speer. Did you try any frangibles? I recently purchased a full size 9mm with a 5" barrel in the earth color. Keep up the good reviews, I’m learning a lot, thanks! (NYPD and some of the French just fully jumped on board.) Wrong. The Remington UMC 9 mm Luger is a recent development ammo which is an outstanding combination of reliability and efficiency, featuring a non-corrosive boxer primer and brand new brass enclosures for those amateurs who want to reload their 9 mm ammo. Thanks for the advice. I think you left off 3 brands that outperform all of the 5 you selected. You will go through 100 rounds in 30 minutes or less. Choose wisely. I recently about 2yrs ago got a Beretta Px4 Storm Compact 9mm . Discussion Starter • #1 • Feb 16, 2012. This why, for instance, that 12-inches of gel penetration is a reasonable minimum. The 124 Grains Laboratory with 4.8 Grains leaf powder is obviously of the same type. As you know the first 3-5 inches of Ballistic gel is considered to be the epidermis. Must be some REALLY good science happening in your lab. This, after being spoiled by a Gold Cup all these years. Whats the difference between hp and jhp . Good review, Eric, even if I can't share your enthusiasm for 115 grain loads. Ryan Bennet | August 9, 2020August 9, 2020 | Pistols, Rifles. No pistol round (save maybe hot 10mm and .454 Casull) has "knockdown power" or "hydrostatic shock" potential. Clean, flawless and cheap. The organisation and structure are good concepts for effective ammunition handling, suggesting you can mark your ammunition containers. I don't doubt your opinion is long- and deeply-considered, which is great. I am first time pistol buyer and wonder what you recommend for my first pistol mostly for self defense at home. Hammer, You can be sure he pulled that little bit of "wisdom" right from Marshall and Sanow; that's the sort of lingering damage those guys have done to discussions of terminal ballistics. Why is the test predicated on penetration; instead of " But we recommend you try a couple weights and make sure they cycle 100% in your self-defense gun." The various 115 grain JHP bullets are generally the top choice for civilian personal defense, while the 124 grain bullets usually provide the best all … Lapua CEPP Extra loses too much mass. From a veterinarian--one other reason to go for a head shot, particularly on severely wounded animals. The XTP is already a good old acquaintance from the tests of the revolver cartridges .38 Special and .357 Magnum. A 9mm bullet weighing exactly 124 grains. Others have weights (or a narrow range of weights) that are most common because they deliver the best performance. The EFMJ was developed for the government market, and they wanted a deformation bullet without a hollow point. The below pictures and data are from a super in-depth post from Lucky Gunner plus a few of our personal criteria. This was to be expected, because the normal CEPP is known for its very good weapon compatibility and the Extra has the same outer shape. What about underwood 9mm xtreme defender 90 gr ? The calibre wars have been going on for decades between the 9 mm Luger and many other high-powered weapon cartridges. I have 8 yrs of military service (4 Air Force as a firefighter and EMT, and 4 US Army Combat Medic.) Some folks want +P and other ammunition that will penetrate beyond 18 inches. Is the much difference. The other day I was able to get a box of hollow points. As soon as I saw the poor thing start suffering, I dumped the whole mag into him and reloaded. All weapons shot with the Federal cartridge without any problems. I'm really curious why the author was so focused on velocity and penetration and completely ignored energy. The 147-grain Gold Dot is a serious projectile in the 9mm Luger, leaving the muzzle at 950 fps, when set atop a charge of 5.6 … We’ve got a dedicated section for the AR-15 here. I didn't include Fort Scott in my test list because it hasn't had enough time to really prove itself. One of my favorites and what I shoot the most now. Perfect for ranges or classes where you can’t pick up brass. Until now, US hunters have had only simple partially jacketed projectiles and Lapua CEPP available as interceptor ammunition. As with the Speer Gold Dot, the 124 grains of Hornady’s XTP is the most favourable bullet weight for catch-fire purposes. The numbers the +P 124 grain put up on Ammo To Go’s testing gives us a hint as to why it performs so well: A zippy 1,090 feet per second 124 grain round with great all-around penetration of 18.58″ and a strong 0.44″ average expansion, with speed to … This nickel-plated brass ammunition has become my go-to for concealed carry and 9mm defensive purposes. It wasn't pretty to watch. Is that the case? So here it is Tuesday 22 MAY 2018, and I'm shopping for a more humane round because, far be it from me if the next one has to go into a school shooter or something. 9mm bullets lighter than 115 grains rarely penetrate adequately. You may want to review the testing, Hornady has very good 9mm, .45 ACP, and .380 offerings. But even with this effective ammunition, a 9 mm pistol will by no means become a safe “Saustopper”. I watched in horror as someone's pet cat went through every death throe imaginable, and that surely wasn't my intent. If the punishment the shooter gets make them not want to practice or worse, not want to properly aim..its worthless. Penetration is not what I’d like, except directly from the front; but shredding a volume of tissue about the size of a 16-oz beer can should get a perp’s attention even if he’s on PCP, and it will go through fewer walls—and so neighbors--than anything else I consider adequate. But we recommend you try a couple weights and make sure they cycle 100% in your self-defense gun. A Glock Model 26, an FN High Power and a Firestar were used for the functional tests. I carry Cor-Bon 115-grain +P JHP (1350 f/s, 4” bbl, maybe 1300 from my shorter gun) in my Kahr; 9” of penetration, one-shot stops with a hit to the body cavity ~90% of the time (about as well as you can do with the 9mm, which is the least-powerful fully-adequate cartridge for serious self-defense, in my long-and deeply-considered opinion), and good accuracy—except that around home where I have neighbors in all directions to not injure, the magazine in the gun is loaded with Glaser Silver. You and Conner H did just that! (You can also find a 50-round box of HST for the same price as a 25-round box of Hornady.) The Parabellum (the term comes from the of the German telegraph manufacturer) goes back to the turn of the 20th century, acted as a tool in both world wars and was even more of a European standard. (pun intended). This latest ammo is mounted in brass cases and supplied with the current boxer-type lead-free Catalyst primers. Many calibers has a standard bullet weight, such as the.223 Remington with a 55-grain bullet. For the 147 Grains bullets, the best choice is the Winchester SXT, which can easily keep up with the 124 Grains bullets. All three weapons in the test fired the Star Fire without incident and the muzzle flash was limited. Greetings Eric: In my EDC 9mm (Taurus G2C or G3 as I have both) I use a combo load; 115 grain Geco JHP, 124 grain+P Speer Gold Dot JHP, and then the Federal 147 grain JHP High-Shok. If you use Hornady Critical Duty, as do I ... wondering why it wasn't included in recommended ammo. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe. The S&B cartridge and the PMC Star Fire are too much designed for fast energy release. This might seem cold but this is actually a great learning opportunity: what kind of ammo you use depends on what you need it for and not all meat targets are made the same. The design of the bullet is vital; the best seem to spin off a few large fragments while 2/3 or so of the bullet, well expanded, goes all the way through, or stops under the skin on the far side. I started with 115 grain with My first 9MM But switched to 124 grain. I use it at the range to mimic my defensive ammo weight (124gr HST). NO respected journal would publish their work. And now I hope to answer some of yours! This ammo is regularly available, has the second-largest expansion on our list, and the second-highest velocity.